A physical active lifestyle may have negative consequences in terms of health, i.e. cardiovascular disease and obesity. It is also time to realise that we cannot continue being dependent on cars running on fossil fuel if we are serious about the challenges of environment and climate. Therefore, it a need for public intervention aiming to make it easier to be physical active. To make it easier to walk and cycle (active transport) is such a public health intervention. The FACT-study is about what the researchers call “active transport” and “sustainable mobility”. During the last decade, both research areas have had an increasing interest in politics and academia. The study will provide new insight about whether commuter cycling may improve health and health, health related quality of life, and reduce social inequality in health. There is well known that physical activity benefits the health, but to increase the public level of physical activity in groups who are not interested in sports or other forms of physical activity during leisure time have been challenging.
Førde Active Transport Study
In this study, we will investigate what factors affecting our choice of active transport or not, and health effects of commuter cycling.
Public sector employees in Sogn og Fjordane, Aust- Agder and Vest-Agder was invited to answer a web-based questionnaire in 2017.
Stationary electric counters along the roads in Førde will count passing cyclist continuously thru the project period.
A systematic review with meta-analysis of commuter cycling and CVD were conducted. We searched in four databases. In total, 38 studies was included. Due to differences how the outcome measure were reported, the studies were divided in two papers, one including continuous (21) and dichotomous (17) variables.
Two systematic reviews of commuter cycling and CVD are accepted in British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM)
Part 1: Cycling is associated with a lower incidence of
cardiovascular diseases and death: Part 1 – systematic
review of cohort studies with meta-analysis, BJSM - in press
Part 2: Cycling and CVD risk factors including body composition, blood lipids, and cardiorespiratory fitness analysed as continuous variables: Part 2 - Systematic review with meta-analysis, BJSM – in press