Sexual harassment occurs in all sports and at all performance levels, but is reported to be most prevalent in elite athletes compared to non-competitive youths. The consequences of experienced sexual harassment may be serious and affect psychological health, quality of life, integrity and performance level. There is limited knowledge regarding sexual harassment among youths in and outside sports, and the available research suffers from methodological limitations. In the light of public interest and debate about sexual harassment, there is a need for updated and precise research.
Sexual harassment in elite sport high schools and regular high schools
The purpose of the study is to examine
• the prevalence and outcome of sexual harassment in and
outside sports at two measurement points
• the association between experienced sexual harassment and
• if reporting mechanisms and emergency plans exist and function
• the participants suggestions for preventive strategies
The total population of boys and girls in 2nd grade at elite sport high schools and a representative sample of students from regular high schools in the county Buskerud in Norway are invited to answer a questionnaire in September/October 2019. All the principles/inspectors at the attending schools, in addition to trainers with more than 20 % employment status at elite sport high schools, are also asked to answer a questionnaire at this measurement point. A random sample of students who report experiences with sexual harassment in the questionnaire, and a random sample of leaders and trainers are also invited to an interview about their experiences with sexual harassment. All the students will also be invited to a follow-up questionnaire in December 2020.
The project is financially funded by the Norwegain ExtraFoundation via The Norwegian Women's Public Health Association.