Other document types

Web document - Part of a web document - Web document no longer available - Definition from a webpage - Wikipedia and web encyclopedias - Dictionaries and encyclopedias - Youtube-video - DVD - Software - Facebook-group - Twitter - Blog post - Master's Thesis - Ph.D.-thesis - Compendium - Reports and series

No author? Use title.
No year of publication? Use n.d.(=no date).
   

Has the website/page been updated since you visited it? The Retrieved from date / Retrieved date is still the date you first read the page. 
   

You don't cite the source when referring to commonly known information and viewpoints - such as "Oslo is the capital of Norway".

Web document
Part of a web document
Web document no longer available
Definition from a webpage
Wikipedia and web encyclopedias
Dictionaries and encyclopedias
Youtube-video
DVD
Software
Facebook-group
Twitter
Blog post
Master's Thesis
Ph.D.-thesis
Compendium
Reports and series

Web document

  • In the text: (Author, year)
    (Alert all passengers, n.d.)
    (Hanson, 2002)
  • In the reference list: Author. (Year). Title of the document in italics. Retrieved date from URL
    Alert all passengers. (n.d.). Retrieved the 25th of February 2005 from http://www.quacksforus.com

    Hanson, U.C. (2002). What is a research article? Retrieved the 25th of February 2005 from   http://www.ki.se/content/1/c4/54/02/Vetenskapelighet.pdf

Part of a web document

  • In the text: (Author, year)
    (Harnack & Kleppinger, 2003)
  • In the reference list: Author. (Year). Title of the part/chapter. In Title of the document in italics (chapter x). Retrieved date from URL
    Harnack, A. & Kleppinger, E. (2003). Using Chicago style to cite and document sources. In Online!: A reference guide to using Internet sources (chapter 7). Retrieved the 25th of February 2005 from http://www.dinahacker.com/resdoc

Web document no longer available

Cite the source as a web document (see at the top of this page), and add [the document is no longer available] after the URL in the reference list. Avoid to use this kind of sources if possible.

Definition from a website

Wikipedia and web encyclopedias

  • In the text: (Author, year)
    (Psychology, n.d.)
    (Tjønneland, 2009)
  • In the reference list: Author. (Year). In Title in italics. Retrieved date from URL
    Psychology. (n.d.). In Wikipedia. Retrieved the 28th of August 2013 from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychology

    Tjønneland, E. (2009). Etikk. In Store Norske Leksikon. Retrieved the 28th of August 2013 from http://snl.no/etikk

Encyclopedia and dictionary

  • In the text: (Author, year, p. x)
    (Nandrolone, 2003, p. 1220)
    (Forkjørsvei, 1979, volume Er-F, p. 452)
    (Haugen, 1971, volume 4, p. 278-283)
  • In the reference list: Author. (Year). In Title in italics (edition, p. x). Place of publication: Publisher.
    Nandrolone. (2003). In Dorland’s illustrated medical dictionary (30th ed., p. 1220). Philadelphia: Saunders.

    Forkjørsvei. (1979). In Aschehoug og Gyldendals store norske leksikon (Volume Er-F, p. 452). Oslo: Kunnskapsforlaget.

    Haugen, K. (1971). Water polo. In The Sport encyclopedia (Volume 4, p. 278-283). London: Sage.

Video from YouTube    

  • In the text: (Name of the one who published the video, year)
    (BadLipReading, 2013)
  • In the reference list: Name of the one who published the video. (Year). Title of the video in italics [Video file]. Retrieved date from URL
    BadLipReading. (2013). The NFL: a bad lip reading [Video file]. Retrieved the 17th of January 2013 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Zce-QT7MGSE

DVD

  • In the text: (Author, year)
    (Enoksen, 2003)
  • In the reference list: Author. (Year). Title in italics [DVD]. Place of publication: Publisher.
    Enoksen, E. (2003). Your personal trainer: More than 400 exercises [DVD]. Oslo: Norges idrettshøgskole.

Software

  • In the text: (Software title (Version))
    (Mat på data (5.0))
  • In the reference list: Software title (Version) [Software]. Retrieved date from URL
    Mat på data (5.0) [Software]. Retrieved the 22nd of August 2013 from http://matportalen.no/verktoy/mat_pa_data

Facebook-group

  • In the text: refer to Facebook and the URL
    According to APA Style's official page on Facebook (http://www.facebook.com/APAStyle)...
  • In the reference lists: do not include it in

Twitter

  • In the text: (Username, year)
    (APA_Style, 2011)
  • In the reference list: Username. (Year, date). Tweet [Twitter post]. Retrieved from URL
    APA_Style. (2011, the 22nd of November). How to reference a YouTube video in #APAStyle: http://cot.ag/sRWQut #socialsciences #psychology #writing [Twitter post]. Retrieved from http://twitter.com/#!/APA_Style/status/139044476944531456

Blog post   

  • In the text: (Screen name/author, year)
    (Chelsea Lee, 2013)
  • In the reference list: Screen name/author. (Year). Title of the blog post in italics. Retrieved date from URL
    Chelsea Lee. (2013). Alligators and academia: the importance of primary and secondary sources. Retrieved the 18th of January 2013 from http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/2013/01/alligators-and-academia.htm 

Master’s Thesis

  • In the text: (Author, year)
    (Major, 2013)
  • In the reference list: Author. (Year). Title in italics. Master’s Thesis from institution, place.
    Major, D. H. (2013). Injury rate and injury pattern among elite World Cup snowboarders: A 6-year cohort study. Master’s Thesis from the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo. 

PhD Thesis

  • In the text: (Author, year)
    (Steen-Johnsen, 2004)
  • In the reference list: Author. (Year). Title in italics. PhD Thesis from institution, place.
    Steen-Johnsen, K. (2004). Individualised communities: Keep-fit exercise organizations and   the creation of social bonds. PhD Thesis from the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences, Oslo. 

Compendiums published by NIH

Compendiums (collection of articles and chapters) are published by the school for internal use only. When citing from a compendium, refer to the articles or chapters.

Reports and series

  • In the text: Author, year 
    (Enjolras, 2003)
  • In the reference list: Author, N. (Year). Title in italics (Name of the series number). Place of publication: Publisher. 
    Enjolras, B. (2003). Statlig idrettspolitikk i Norge og Frankrike (Rapport (Institutt for samfunnsforskning : print version) 2003:8). Oslo: Institutt for samfunnsforskning. 

    Enjolras, B. (2003). Statlig idrettspolitikk i Norge og Frankrike (Rapport (Institutt for samfunnsforskning : online version) 2003:8). Oslo: Institutt for samfunnsforskning. Retrieved the 3rd of November 2016 from http://www.samfunnsforskning.no/2003-008