Kan 1

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Formal title

Objectively measured physical activity, physical fitness and determinants for physical activity in a national sample of adults and elderly (20-85 yr) living in Norway (Kan1)

Formal

The health benefits of being physically active and fit are numerous and well documented. However, the actual activity- and fitness level among adults and elderly living in Norway is less well established. This is mainly due to the lack of objective measurements of physical activity and fitness in large populations
Thus, the aim of the present project is to assess levels of physical activity and physical fitness, as well as the determinants of physical activity levels in a nationally representative sample of Norwegian adults and elderly persons.

Description

The study was a multi-centre study involving 10 university colleges in Norway, and consists of 2 phases. Phase 1 was a cross-sectional study of physical activity using accelerometers and questionnaires and includes approx. 3500 participants. The sample was randomly selected from the Norwegian Population Registry. Phase 2 of the study was a physical fitness test carried out on a random sample of the participants in phase 1 (approx. 900). The fitness test included anthropometrical measures, direct measurement of maximal oxygen uptake and tests of strength, flexibility and balance.

Result

Data collection is completed. No gender difference in total activity was observed and the total activity was relatively stable across age groups. However, a marked decline was seen after 70 years of age. Twenty percent of the population met the recommendations, and the activity level was higher among women compared to men (22% vs 18%, respectively, p=0.02).

 

The results from phase 2 are currently being analysed.